What causes obesity and how to prevent it has become one of the most asked question all over the world. Obesity refers to the unhealthy weight gain and the presence of accumulated fat in the body. Unhealthy lifestyle and the lack of physical activities are the major reasons of obesity. Within the last few years, it has become a big reason for death in the industrialized countries and World Health Organization (WHO) has termed obesity an epidemic spreading widely. The statistics show assert the fact that 69% American adults are obese while the situation in Canada isn’t different at all. 20% men and 17% women fall in the obese category and the over-weighted population of men and women are 40% and 20% respectively.
How to Measure Obesity?
Body Mass Index (BMI) helps to measure the obesity. One needs to add his or her weight in kilograms and has to divide it by the height in meters square. The answer describes a relative weight with height. A certain amount of fact is necessary for the proper functioning of the body and helps to keep the body warm. However, a person is called obese if the BMI is above 40. 18-2 BMI is considered normal while below 18.5 falls in the category of underweight.
What Causes Obesity?
There are multiple reasons for obesity and it’s necessary to address the actual cause to prevent the serious health problems. We have jotted down the ten major causes of obesity so it may help you to find out the answer of what causes obesity.
Overeating is one of the biggest cause of obesity. Many people experience strong food craving and food becomes their addiction. It’s common in junk food lovers who feels satisfaction when they eat excessive food. The condition is similar to the abused drugs where a person losses his self-control and the food stimulates the reward centers in your brain like cannabis, nicotine, and alcohol.
It’s another common reason for obesity and a worthwhile answer to what causes obesity. It’s a biological fact that obese children inherit obesity from their parents. However, one can maintain a healthy weight with a better lifestyle and it’s not always the genes to blame for. A sudden change in the food and eating habits effect the human body and trigger weight gain such as eastern people start getting fat when they opt for the western food.
- Insulin Level
Insulin is an important hormone that helps the body to regulate fat. It controls the functionality of the fat cells and order them to control fat. High insulin resistance causes obesity and western diet significantly supports insulin resistance. There is a strange relationship between the food and the insulin. People who eat frequently don’t gain weight easily as such eating habit produces smaller portions of insulin that results in lower cholesterol level. On the hand, people who eat one to two large meals in a day fail to produce stable insulin level.
- No Physical Activity
Laziness and no involvement in the physical activity accumulate fat in the body use to the low calories burn. The National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES) confirms that the tendency of weight gain gets higher in the both sexes when they don’t live an active life and promote laziness.
Some medicines and health problems are associated with the weight gain. One needs to consult doctor if he or she is suffering such a situation. Here are some medications causes obesity.
- Antidepressants which are taken to control the depression and stress level.
- Diabetes medications reduces affects the insulin level and thiazolidinediones level.
- High blood pressure and oral contraceptives.
- Anticonvulsants which are used for the treatment of seizures.
There are some diseases directly associated to the weight gain. Hypothyroidism is an increased amount of thyroids promotes weight gain while Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) disturbs hormones and causes to gain weight. Insulin resistance and prader-willi syndrome are some other examples of the overweight.
- Psychological Factors
Psychological factors lead to eating disorders. Many people keep eating in the boredom or when they feel angry. Psychological disturbance is essential to address as early as possible and an individual can also control over it with higher will-power.
- Carbohydrate Rich Food
Carbohydrate has a direct impact on the blood sugar level. It produces insulin which dissolves into the blood and causes obesity. Nutritionists considers simple carbohydrates a contributor of the weight gain and believe that complex carbohydrates never release harmful insulin.
Leptin is known as fat reducing hormone that is produced by the fat cells. The blood level of the fat cells increases with the increased weight and in the obese people it fails to cross the blood-brain barrier. This condition is called leptin-resistance and it’s one of the pronounced reason for the weight gain.
- Higher Sugar Intake
If you are looking for the answer of what causes obesity, then reduce your sugar intake as it’s a big cause of obesity. Sugar is responsible for changing the biochemistry and hormones in the body that contributes to weight-gain. Processed sugar is more dangerous than the raw jaggery. Added sugar is the combination of glucose and fructose. Glucose is a present in different foods, but added sugar is the only source of fructose.
Obesity is also linked with social issues such as many people haven’t sufficient money to spend on the proper diet and there are no appropriate places for walk and exercise. The unavailability of physical trainers is another serious issue in the poor countries where many females don’t want to be trained from male trainers. No guidance and following the unauthentic information are some other causes of obesity. One must know the symptoms of obesity and immediately address the problem to prevent the further loss. The time you will take to reduce your weight and changing the eating habits, you will become more vulnerable to diseases and health risks.
How to Prevent Obesity?
Obesity is increasing day by day and it’s equally affecting infants, children, and adults. 15% children in the USA are overweight and 60% adults are obese. Such a higher rate of obesity increasing diabetes, heart problems, and hormonal imbalance at a young age which transformed into a complex disease it not treated properly. The effects of obesity are very dangerous in infants and children and it’s necessary to opt for the appropriate methods to prevent obesity.
How to Prevent Obesity in Infants?
Breastfeeding is the only method to prevent obesity in infants. Avoid using processed milk and prefer breastfeeding as it reduces the chances of obesity 20-40 percent and also boosts the immune system of the babies which help them to fight against harmful germs. Likewise, never start a medication without the consulting to the doctor and consider the chances of obesity once you start a cereal.
How to Prevent Obesity in Children?
Children are more vulnerable to obesity due to the increased use of TV and videogames. The physical activities are decreasing with every passing day while the unhygienic and junk food have also played an important role in the increased obesity level. Children and teenagers should take care of their physical fitness or get ready to face serious health issues in the future.
- Change eating habits slowly and increase the use of fruits and vegetables. Parents should set example for the children by eating and promoting healthy food in the home.
- Encourage and motivate children to take part in the physical activities and appreciate their achievement in outdoor games.
- Avoid fat-free food and teach them the benefits of high fiber food. Never allow them to eat junk food and excessive use of soft drinks as they are the root causes of obesity.
- Inculcate the habit of drinking more water and other natural drinks such as coconut water that is rich in mineral.
How to Prevent Obesity in Adults?
Depression, PCOS, diabetes, and hypothyroid are the examples of diseases happen due to the increased weight in adults. The complications can increase a lot if you can’t treat obesity properly.
- Pay attention to your diet and instead of taking 1-2 large meals in a day split them into five to six meals. Add raw vegetables, fruits, and juices in your diet plan. Keep an eye on your eating habits and calories amount. The more natural way you will opt for; the better results you will get.
- Cardio and aerobics are highly effective exercises to reduce weight. They also help you to loss inches and bring the body back into the shape. It’s an effective method to target a specific muscle or body part such as you need to eliminate lower abdomen fat to cure the PCOS.
- Avoid super-sized menu and keep a check on the portions of the food. Never go for high energy density food to prevent the accumulation of fat in the body. Oil, salt, and sugar are extremely harmful for the body and promote weight gain symptoms. Salt retains water and encourages obesity factors.
- Change your lifestyle and avoid sitting on the same place for hours. Do household work, walk for 30 minutes, and do stretching while cooking or working in the office.
- Don’t ignore your sleep and go to bed early. The metabolism works faster in the morning and slows down after 1pm. Breakfast well and never east high calorie food at night.
- Green tea, lemongrass, and herbal teas are every effective for losing the belly fat and help to shed down some Kgs quickly.
Health Risks Associated with Obesity
Unfortunately, people take obesity as serious as other diseases and don’t have awareness of the possible side effects of the excessive weight gain. Following are the health risks associated with obesity which everyone.
Insulin Resistance: Insulin is responsible for transferring the glucose into the fat and muscle cells. Fat cells are more resistant to loss glucose than muscles cells. In the obesity, the number of fat cells increases and insulin perform its function properly. It’s called insulin resistance which can lead to diabetes.
Hypertension: Those who want to know how to prevent obesity shouldn’t forget their blood pressure and work on the hypertension that increases weight loss. The chances of higher blood pressure are higher in the women than men due to the overweight.
Circulatory Issues: Obesity accumulates fat around the blood which exerts pressure on the heart. It triggers several issues like high blood pressure, difficulty in the heartbeat, irregular heartbeat, and frigidity. Poor blood circulation result in the blood clot, swelling in ankles, lymph nodes, and peripheral artery disease.
Reproductive: Irregular menstrual is a common problem of obese women. PCOS creates hurdles in getting pregnant and increases the chances of infertility. Breast cancer, ovarian cancer, and facial growth are other issues associated with reproductive systems happen due to obesity.
Mood Swings: Obesity accompanied with laziness and the person can develop interest in routine errands. It results in the mood swings, anger, and depression and affects your productivity, professional life, and personal life.
Musculoskeletal: Overweight effects joints and muscles and the patient finds it difficult to walk, feels low back pain, and becomes vulnerable to vertebral disease.
Hopefully, now you have get to what causes obesity and how to prevent obesity with the help of natural ways. Maintain a balanced diet and ensuring an active routine are the keys of a healthy life. You must have knowledge of the symptoms of obesity so you may take immediate action. The symptoms include joints pain, stretch marks, tender spots on the body, unsatisfying hunger, and sore feet. Improve your diet plan and exercise regularly as it increases blood circulation in the body and keeps the blood warm so it can eliminate fat in a natural way. In the case of medication, you should consult the doctor first. Moreover, one must know that getting rid of the obesity isn’t a one-day task rather in requires months and even years so be determined and move forward to your goals compassionately.